In the year 1718, after 164 years of Turkish occupation the Banat area was put under Austrian rule by the peace-treaty of Passarowitz. After that German colonists were settled during three periods, the so-called "Schwabenzuege".

Carlottenburg was founded in 1771 during the second setteling (1763-1772) period.
It was a new foundation. In the Josephinian Land Survey from 1770 it does not apear yet. In the same year were founded also the othe vilages in the Bergsau (Beregsau) vally: Altringen, Neuhof (Bogda), Buchberg (Sintar) and Lichtenwald (Comeat). The construction works went on under the management of the impopulation director Carl Samuel Neumann Edler of Bucholt.
30 [Petri] or 32 [Griselini] families were settled there. 67 of the colonists came from the region east of Trient, 12 from Lorraine, 10 from Baden-Württemberg, 8 from Hungary, 7 from Rhineland and Rhineland-Palatinate, 6 from Austria, 3 from Bavaria and individuals from other regions.

The colonists were handed over 412 cadastral acre (1 cadastral acre = 0,5755 ha).


The etymology of the village name is not known [Fortiu]. For sure it was not named after the wife of the President of Banat administration Karl Ignaz Earl of Clary and Aldringen [Petri]. The name Barita [Toroc] first appears on a map in 1864.


During the handover of the Banat area to Hungary in 1778 the area was mapped in detail for the first time. Three maps regarding Charlottenburg can be admired in the Urbarium.

From 1780 on emperor Joseph II offered the villages, owned by the chamber, to the aristocrats on auction sale.

Due to this the owners changed a few times:

  • 1782 Posfay Joszef
  • 1814 Karl prince Schwarzenberg
  • 18xx Peter Thököly de Kevermes
  • 1838 Georg Simon baron Sina de Hodos et Kizdia
  • 1886 Ansatasia Baronin Sina, married count Wimpffen
  • 1891 Siegfried count Wimpffen
  • 1921 Agrarian reform in Romania, expropriation of the count, the ground was distributed to the peasants.

 

Milestones:

  • 1875-1876 the church was built in honor of the holy trinity. The costs were divided between local peasants and the family Sina de Hodos et Kizdia
  • 1895-1896 the railway station for the Bergsau area, called Sarlota was built. It is situated 2 km away from Charlottenburg
  • 1896 the school was built. Before that the classes took place in a room of house no. 57
  • on the 14th of January 1945, 22 women and 21 men were deported to Russia in order of forced labour. Five of them did not return home: Franz Heber, Ana Hopp, Franz Kusak, Franz Lannert and Peter Schmidt
  • 1946 expropriation (nationalisation) of land
  • 1964 electrification of the village and the Bergsau
  • 1974 the countryroad to Charlottenburg was tared.

In that year 1771, MDCCLXXI...

  • Empress Maria Theresia (1717-1780) reigned in Vienna:
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  • The first german newspaper in the south-east of Europe "Temeswarer Nachrichten" - Temeswarer News appears
  • Apears the first edition of "Encyclopedia Britannica"
  • James Cook returns to England with HMS Endeavour after his voyage to Tahiti to observe the Venus transit
  • With the data of all Venus transfers Thomas Hornsby calculates a sun paralax of 8,78" (today: 8,79"). Using this data the distance from Earth to Sun was calculated as 150806000 km (current value: 149600000 km)
  • Charles Messier discovers in the constellation Virgo the first galaxy, Messier 49 (also known as M 49 or NGC 4472)
  • Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovers the oxygen
  • Richard Arkwright built the world's first water-powered mill at Cromford - first years of the industrial revolution
  • Thomas Wedgwood, an early experimenter in the field of photography, was born
  • In Resita was started the first blast furnace "Franziskus" and "Josephus"
  • and the number Pi, π which is so important for a round village like Charlottenburg, was calculated for just 127 digits [Blatner].